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Expiration Dates of Domain Names

The domain name usage right is delegated by domain registrars accredited by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the organization responsible for names and numbers systems on the Internet.

The domain name is registered for a certain period of time (the maximum registration period is 10 years), after which the domain must be renewed by the registrant [1].

In connection with the renewal of a domain name, ICANN institutes the following periods, which are mandatory for all registrars [2].

Register Domain Name

Domains are registered on a competition basis - the first registrant, who has completed the registration procedure (including payment) with an registrar, authorized by ICANN, is winning the right to use the domain name for the registered period.

Renewal of a domain name

Auto-Renew Grace Period

On the expiration date of the registration, the Auto-Renew Grace Period period runs from 0-45 days (for the huge number of domains the duration is 30-40 days). During this period, the registrant can renew the domain at a normal price and all services related to the domain status (website, mail, etc.) continue to work normally.

Redemption Grace Period

After the Auto-Renew Grace Period expires, the registrar's system automatically modifies the DNS records of the domain, so all domain-dependent services stop working. If you have a site, it will show automatically a custom template page with information that the domain has expired.

This next period is called Redemption Grace Period and during this period the domain can still be renewed by the same registrant, but an additional penalty fee is now included in the normal domain price (this period lasts 30 days).

Since the registrar automatically changes the DNS records of the domain upon expiry of the Auto-Renew Grace Period, after the payment of the penalty fee and the renewal of the domain, the registrar restores the previous Domain DNS records, but they must be cached by the DNS system.

For this reason, the full recovery of domain-related services may take up to 72 hours after the renewal of the domain during Redemption Grace Period.

There is absolutely no possibility that the DNS caching process may be shortened or avoided. We want to clearify, that these are two different processes (domain name renewal and DNS caching), which are not connected between them and they follow entirely different internet protocols. Sometimes the misunderstanding of these facts may create tension in the comunication between the customer and technical support.

Therefore, we recommend that you keep an eye on the contact mailbox and, when a message from the hosting company or the domain registrar is received, promptly renew the domain in order to save unnecessary costs of finances and nerves.

Deletion of a Domain Name

Pending Delete Period

If the domain is not renewed until the 30-days Redemption Grace Period expiration, it enters a deletion period called Pending Delete Period for 5 days.

During this period, it is not possible to renew the domain in any way.

Upon expiration of the Pending Delete Period, the domain is usually offered as a free registration under the same principle - the first registrant wins the domain. The previous registrant, who used the domain, has absolutely no advantage over the other persons who wish to register the same domain.

Important: Do not rely on that you can re-register the domain again after the Pending Delete Period, just to save the penalty fee from Redemption Grace Period.

There is a very widespread Domain Backorder service that monitors expiring domains and informs interested parties about the exact moment when the domain is free to register or automatically registers domains for them.

Specificity upon expiration of EU domains

After 23.11.2016. EU domains that expired in the current month will no longer be deactivated after the 25th. Immediately after their expiration they will enter the Quarantine penalty period, during which a penalty fee of $90 will be paid to restore the domain from the registrant. The quarantine period lasts 40 days, after which non-renewed EU domains are offered for free registration.

Additional domain name extensions (TLDs)

TLD (domain extension)SuspensionAuto-Renew Grace PeriodRedemption period
.com, .net, .usthe same day36 days30 days
.org, .infothe same day36 days30 days
.euthe same daynone40 days
.co.ukthe same daynone-
.dethe same daynonenone

[1] A domain name registrant is a person or organization that has registered a domain name.

[2] A domain name registrar is an organization that manages the domain name registration on the Internet.

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